Elizabethan Manor House
Private Residence, Norfolk
This spectacular Elizabethan manor house in rural Norfolk was built in 1576 and originally conceived as a four square plan around a central courtyard. It has had a most chequered history. The fourth south side was never built, and instead a gatehouse and enclosing wall was constructed in 1604. Around the time of the English civil war the eastern half of the house was destroyed, and remains as a romantic ruin. The remaining west side gradually reduced in status to a farmhouse, with many alterations and additions, leaving the house in its present compromised state. In the late C20 the house was converted into four flats.
Our client was the first owner for many years to attempt to return the house to single ownership and to restore the major rooms and features. The house is listed Grade 2*, and detailed discussions have therefore been necessary both with the Conservation Departments and English Heritage. A full Fabric and Photographic Survey and an Historic Landscape Assessment have been prepared under the direction of the practice, together with detailed drawings showing the restoration of the house. Archaeology and structural surveys have also been prepared.
The designs for the house have been informed by our comprehensive search of historical data, which gave an accurate chronology of the many changes that have taken place. Old plans, both proposed and built were discovered, particularly at Raynham Hall nearby.
The major areas of work included:
· the reconstruction of the main staircase in the west tower, which had disappeared, leaving only the central carved newel
· the demolition of outbuildings to the south, and the creation of a small courtyard with a knot garden within
· the restoration and insertion of new south doors in stonework
· the restoration of all the major rooms, restoring the fireplaces, cornices, mouldings and panelling, and removing later sub-divisions
· the creation of a north porch, to restore the important north/south axis of the house
· the re-instatement of some of the gardens, that originally stood on each of the four sides, laid out to mathematical proportions
· and finally, the complete restoration of the fabric of the house, including removing the relatively recent conversion to flats.
· The work also involved the restoration of the gatehouse, the re-instatement of the courtyard and the stabilisation of the ruins. The project was carried out in three separate phases.
Architect: Cowper Griffith
Contractor: Draper & Nichols
Structural Engineer: Alan Gentry
M & E Consultant: Max Fordham
Quantity Surveyor: Davis Langdon (Norwich)