National Trust Visitor Facilities, Buckinghamshire
Recognised as one of the first and most important of the great C18 Landscape Gardens with international significance, the project brings the interpretation of the Gardens and the recently restored Stowe Mansion house together for the first time, for the enjoyment of the visitor.
The listed early C18 ‘New Inn’ was originally built by the Temple family as lodgings for the many visitors keen to see their new gardens. It is one of the very few remaining ‘three yard’ Inns in the country. The main part of the Inn built in 1717 survived in a very derelict condition, together with parts of the coaching Inn yard and surrounding agricultural buildings. By forming the new Visitor Facility in & around the surviving buildings, visitors once again enter the gardens by the Bell Gate as originally intended.
The project required the construction of new buildings, in part reconstructing the form of the yards but in a contemporary form. The new facilities contain the restaurant, kitchens and retail areas extending the northeast side of the repaired and reconstructed adjacent Inn yard. The buildings reform the former lower yard as an external dining area.
The restaurant is designed as a contemporary building closely referenced and well-mannered to its traditional setting. An innovative diagrid roof is constructed from larch timbers felled and seasoned at the start of the project from the NT Ashridge estate nearby. Structural bays support the main roof and contain lighting, services and acoustic treatments. Stainless steel ‘arms’ extend from the structural bays to hold the timber dia-grid roof above, leaving the walls almost entirely glazed to bring views of the landscaped park into the restaurant space.
Visitors pass through the reception areas in the restored Inn range, beside the restaurant and out to the park, in an orchestrated route centred on the ‘Corinthian Arch’, to enhance interpretation. The retail building and plant sales area sit close to the entrance to the park. The New Inn contains Reception, an education room, parlour rooms and working areas restored to their C18 appearance, with lime plasters, historic finishes and restored fittings and joinery.
New access roads lead to parking for 400 cars and coaches in a nearby former quarry, landscaped to conceal the vehicles from the distant park and Stowe mansion. A land train takes the less able visitors down to the Bell Gate and the gardens. A sustainable energy strategy forms a critical part of the project using a Biomass boiler fuelled from the Ashridge Estate to provide all the energy for the facility. The buildings consequently achieves a BREEAM ‘Good’ rating for sustainability, hard to achieve in a rural location.
The project won both National & Regional RIBA Awards, The RIBA National Conservation Award, The Client of the Year Award at the Stirling Prize for the National Trust, The National Wood Award, and a number of local awards.
For a full description of the restoration of the New Inn please see ‘Conservation’.
Architect: Cowper Griffith Architects LLP
Client: The National Trust
Project Cost: £6.5m